The Need to Understand Generational Differences
Generational differences in the workplace refer to the varying beliefs, values, and attitudes between age groups. These differences arise from the experiences people had while growing up, which shape their perspectives on work ethic, communication, and technology for example, Gen-Z does not remember a world without the internet and smartphones.
With four generations currently in the workplace, it’s essential to understand and embrace these differences to ensure a positive working environment. How your business can understand generation differences;
- Enhanced communication with a greater understanding of each generation. With potentially four different generations in the workplace, each has its own communication style. By having a strong understanding, companies will have clearer communications reducing misunderstandings and conflicts.
- Better collaboration by recognising the different generations’ strengths and preferences helps teams work cohesively together. Stronger collaboration may create innovative solutions and a positive working culture.
- Effective management through a better understanding of generational differences as a manager can tailor their responses and leadership styles to motivate and engage with their teams to boost morale and productivity.
- Stronger insights to consumers by having a diverse workforce as you will be able to take learnings from employee behaviours and pick their brains to design products and services to target specific generations. This is especially helpful when creating marketing strategies.
The UK workforce is aging the average age in the UK as of 2021 is 40.4 compared to 37.9 in 2021 (Statista). Furthermore, we are seeing fewer people entering the UK economy as birth rates have been decreasing. Having a strong understanding of all generations and their needs will be beneficial in recruiting and retaining the new generation of employees.
Different Generations in the Workplace
- Baby Boomers (1946-1964): Making up approximately 25% of the UK workforce, they are motivated by company loyalty, duty, and teamwork. They prefer communication methods like phone calls and face-to-face interactions. Working within leadership roles due to their experience.
- Generation X (1965-1980): At 33% of the UK workforce, they prioritize diversity, work-life balance, and personal interests. They prefer phone or in-person communication. Balancing family, career, and looking toward retirement.
- Millennials (1981-1996): Tech-savvy, value work-life balance, and are currently the largest workforce segment. Comprising 35% of the UK workforce, they seek responsibility, quality management, and unique work experiences. They lean towards instant messaging, texts, and emails.
- Generation Z (1997-2012): The youngest group at 5% of the UK workforce, they value personalisation, diversity, and creativity. They prefer instant messaging, texts, and social media for communication. Gen-Z, being digital natives, are entering the workforce with a fresh perspective on the world of work.
Representing 2% of the UK workforce and decreasing, are traditionalists born between 1925 and 1945, some are still currently in work but very low numbers. They typically value respect, long-term value, and recognition.
How employee benefits vary for different generations
What each generation values varies, making it difficult to get employee benefits right, but here are some guidelines for what each generation look for in employment benefits;
Baby boomers look for health benefits as they are getting older alongside the companies retirement package and if they get recognition for their hard work. Baby boomers are the sandwich generation who are caring for both children and aging parents so flexible working hours is a key benefit for them.
Generation X employees are within their prime earning years for saving and supporting their families so typically look for a competitive salary and opportunities for professional development. Similarly, to baby boomers, Gen – X sees flexible working hours as a fantastic benefit, especially with having a family.
Millennials like to have a sense of purpose in their work and value a strong work-life balance. If a company has a wellness program in place for mental health support and gym memberships is a strong benefit for many millennials. They like to be continually learning to enhance their career. Flexible working hours and remote working is a key to retaining millennials.
Gen-Z the youngest generation in the workforce sees financial incentives and career advancements as clear employee benefits. Working within a diverse and inclusive workforce is key for them. Having the opportunity to use the latest technology and platforms as they are digital natives.
Individual preferences will vary widely within each generation. The best approach is to offer a wide variety of benefits and regularly check in with employees for feedback to fully understand their needs for employee retention. Employers shouldn’t stereotype when it comes to older and younger employees.
Stereotyping of Generational Differences
Stereotypes often arise for generations based on their shared experiences, values, and attitudes. While some of the stereotypes may have a grain of truth, not all individuals are the same. Employers and managers should be treating individuals on a case-by-case basis.
Stereotyping can lead to misconceptions, such as older generations viewing younger workers as lazy and entitled, while younger generations might see older workers as outdated. To bridge this gap, team-building exercises and training can be implemented.
- Gen-Z is perceived to have short attention spans, rely on social media, and desire to have instant gratification. Gen-Z employees may be overlooked for tasks that require deep concentration and long-term commitment. They may also be deemed as superficial and lacking depth. Facing challenges in creating meaningful relationships at work.
- Millennials may be described as entitled and narcissistic as well as being reliant on technology for everything. They seek to complete meaningful work and have a strong social responsibility. Older generations may find them too demanding and have unrealistic expectations. Potentially struggle with being taken seriously in the workplace.
- Gen-x are deemed to have a strong sense of independence with a cynical and sceptical outlook on life. Strong value for work-life balance. The impacts are potentially being misunderstood as disengaged and disinterested in their work, alongside not being committed to their job roles or the company.
- Baby boomers are seen to resist change and technology updates, having a strong sense of loyalty to one company and preference is generally face-to-face. Employers may feel this generation doesn’t want to learn new technology skills leading them to be overlooked. Perceived as being out of touch and lacking adaptability, causing employers to undervalue this generation.
Impact of Stereotyping in the Workplace
Misunderstandings due to generational differences can lead to friction, resentment, and decreased productivity. It’s crucial to understand and respect each generation’s preferences and motivations to build trust and harmony.
There may be limited collaboration as stereotyping may cause divides within the workplace within different age groups, thus less collaboration occurring. This impacts how the company performs from less innovation and productivity.
Talented employees may be overlooked for certain roles or tasks simply based on their generation stereotypes, causing the wrong person to be promoted. Furthermore, this may impact the company’s performance and retention of talented employees increasing recruitment costs.
Employees who feel they are being stereotyped by their generation’s characteristics will feel misunderstood leading to resentment growing and job satisfaction decreasing.
Examples of stereotyping in the workplace
- A baby boomer may not be asked to be involved in a project involving new technology as its perceived they won’t understand new technology. Or it would be difficult to train them on the platform or equipment.
- Millennials within the workforce may be tasked with social media responsibilities due to the assumption they are good at it, where in fact the person does use social media much.
Stereotyping can lead to missed opportunities, misunderstanding, and a less inclusive workplace. Employers and managers must treat each employee individually and not have any assumptions relating to generational differences. Keeping an open mind for all employees.
Benefits of Generational Differences in the Workplace
Generational differences in the workplace, when managed effectively, can offer numerous benefits to companies. These benefits include diverse perspectives, skills, and experiences that each generation brings. A multi-generational workforce brings advantages such as:
Diverse perspectives: Different generations bring varied viewpoints, ideas, and solutions to the table, helping to meet client/customer needs. This diversity of thought can lead to more innovative problem-solving and decision-making.
Knowledge sharing: Older employees often possess institutional knowledge and experience that can be invaluable to younger colleagues. Alternatively, younger employees can introduce newer techniques, technologies, and trends to their older co-workers. Which normally are quick methods that decrease time spent on particular tasks. This can also be advantageous for promoting a culture of continuous learning, and assisting with personal and professional development.
Broader skill set: Each generation has its unique set of skills. For instance, while Baby Boomers might have strong interpersonal skills and industry knowledge, Millennials and Gen Z might bring digital and technological expertise. However, be careful to not stereotype and be seen to be ageist.
Enhanced Customer Understanding: A multi-generational workforce can better relate to and understand a diverse customer base, leading to improved customer service and satisfaction. For example, a Baby Boomer might not understand how to market to Gen-Z, and vice versa.
Flexibility and adaptability: With exposure to different working styles and approaches, a multi-generational team can be more adaptable to change and more flexible in its operations.
Mentoring opportunities: Cross-generational mentoring can be beneficial for both parties. Younger employees can gain insights and guidance from their more experienced colleagues, while older employees can stay updated with trends and technologies.
Balanced approach: While younger generations might be more risk-taking and eager to try new things, older generations might bring a more analytical approach. This balance can lead to well-rounded strategies and decisions.
Cultural Richness: Different generations often have varied cultural references, values, and experiences. This can lead to a richer company culture, fostering mutual respect and understanding, and making the company a more inclusive working environment.
Talent attraction and retention: companies that value and promote generational diversity can attract a broader talent pool. It also sends a positive message about the company’s commitment to inclusivity.
Generational differences in the workplace, when embraced and managed effectively, can be a significant asset. It allows companies to leverage the strengths of each generation, leading to a more productive, innovative, and positive working environment.
Managing Generational Differences
Managing generational differences in the workplace is required for helping to create a positive and productive environment. Each generation brings its unique perspectives, values, and strengths. By recognizing and valuing these differences, companies can create a more inclusive and effective workplace.
Strategies for managing generational differences
Education and Awareness
Conduct workshops and training sessions to educate employees about different generational characteristics, values, and preferences. This can be part of onboarding training and the workshop should promote understanding and remove stereotypes relating to each generation.
Encourage cross-generational mentoring
Having the younger generation working with an experienced employee helps with mutual learning i.e. Gen-Z and baby boomers. This allows for knowledge transfer, skill sharing, and a better understanding of different generational perspectives.
Flexible work policies
Recognise that employees from different generations may have varying needs and preferences when it comes to work hours, remote work, and work-life balance. Flexible working arrangements have become an essential employee benefit, implementing a flexible work policy helps to cater to the diverse needs of today’s workforce.
Understand that different generations may have different communication preferences (e.g., face-to-face, email, instant messaging). Encouraging using a range of communication methods within the workplace to meet everyone needs and preferences.
Recognise and value diversity
Celebrate the diverse skills, experiences, and perspectives that each generation brings. Try where possible to not pigeonhole individuals based on generational stereotypes. As mentioned above not all millennials are fully equipped with social media skills and understanding.
Provide opportunities for growth and development
This includes offering training and development opportunities that cater to the needs and preferences of different generations. For instance, while some may prefer traditional classroom training, others might opt for online courses or webinars. The new generation entering the market has grown up with YouTube and millennials may utilise podcasts for their learning.
Employers and line managers should be trained to recognise and value generational differences. Both should promote a culture of inclusivity, where all voices are heard and valued.
Implement regular feedback mechanisms to understand the needs, concerns, and suggestions of employees from different generations. This can be done through surveys, focus groups, or one-on-one discussions. Asking for feedback during employee appraisals will be helpful in gathering an understanding.
Team building activities
Organise team-building activities that encourage collaboration and understanding among employees of different age groups. This can help break down barriers and bring a sense of unity to the team.
Benefits and rewards
Recognise that employees from different generations may value different types of rewards and benefits. For instance, while older employees might prioritise health benefits, younger ones might value opportunities for travel or further education. Most generations seek some form of flexible working, whether this is hybrid working or flexible hours.
Promote a culture of respect
Encourage employees to respect and value the contributions of their colleagues, regardless of age. This can be reinforced through company values, policies, and leadership behaviour.
Managing generational differences is not about catering to one group over another. Instead, it’s about recognising the unique strengths and needs of each generation to create a workplace environment where everyone feels valued and included. By doing so, companies can harness the collective strengths of their diverse workforce driving innovation and growth.